First, let’s have a brief explanation on what the “One China” policy is. Its roots start when the Chinese Communist Party ousted the presence of the Nationalist Party Kuomintang from the mainland and proclaimed the People’s Republic we now know. The Kuomintang retreated to Taiwan, securing its authority there and insisting that they are the rightful Chinese government. For a time the United States supported this claim even when the UN replaced the Nationalist representatives with the PRC in 1971, until President Jimmy Carter in 1979 finally saw the PRC being recognized by the US as the legitimate government. In this way, the world recognizes that there is only one country called “China”, but will decide whether they mean the Communist PRC or the Nationalist ROC/Taiwan. As of today the majority nations have diplomatic ties with the PRC while maintaining relations short of state recognition with the ROC.
CNN reports however that this status quo may soon see a dramatic shift courtesy of US President-elect Donald Trump, especially once he takes office. It began when he accepted a congratulatory phone call from the Taiwanese president, something the PRC cried foul on as it tacitly recognized the call as coming from a fellow world leader rather than the president of an unruly breakaway province in accordance with the “One China” policy. In true Trump fashion however, on Sunday December 11 he made a statement that he won’t shy away from doing things that’ll make China mad, as well as questioning whether the policy his predecessors have cleaved to for decades was even worth the trouble of toeing the line with in this day and age with the changes in the world.
I fully understand the 'one China' policy,” Trump tells Fox News Sunday. “But I don't know why we have to be bound by a 'one China' policy unless we make a deal with China having to do with other things, including trade." He goes on to say that he will keep being belligerent until the PRC decides to meet with him to hash out a newly negotiated trade deal between their countries, along with a new harsher stance on the part of the PRC against its mandated ally North Korea saying, "You have North Korea. You have nuclear weapons, and China could solve that problem, and they're not helping us at all."
Trump has criticized China on suspicions regarding the manipulation of its currency to give a pricing edge to its own products on the American market. Part of his campaign platform has been for dropping higher tariffs on Chinese imported goods, as well as taking back US jobs that have been outsourced to China. Recently he has slammed Boeing ostensibly for the costs of getting new Air Force One presidential planes, but might actually be for the plane manufacturer expanding its Chinese market, a move that Boeing fears may trigger retribution from China.
Photo Credit to http://www.independent.co.uk/